Sea ports

Sudan is located in north-east Africa therefor, it has a such strategic location along Red Sea the link of Sudan by Middle East and Asia. Additionally, we will mention all ports in Sudan; the sea ports and the dry ports.

There are five sea ports in Sudan, their site is in Red Sea state at Port-Sudan and Swakin.

This port is precisely located on the southern entrance of Port-Sudan; its length of the fold is 1,765 meters with width of 500 meters. The total area of the southern port is 1,480,000 square meters.

 

The north port also known as north quays its enclosure length is 2,845 meters with width of 300 meters. The total area of the north quay’s is 8,535 square meters and it is dedicated for treating general cargo, edible oil, molasses, dry bulk cargo, liquid bulk and vehicles. The capacity of the north port is 5,000,000 tons per year.

 

Berths:
(NQ) include (12) berths with length of (1866) meters. Details as follows:

BERTH NO LENGTH DEPTH USAGE

1-2-3-4-5 597M 8.5M General Cargo & Molasses &Cement
5A 229.8M 9.5M General Cargo & Molasses &Cement
6-7 365.7M 10.7M General Cargo & Cement
8-9 365.7M 10.7M General Cargo &Edible Oil
11 106.7M 8.5M Cement
12 201.8M M8.5 Dry Bulk & Cement

Machinery and Equipment Allocated to North Quays in 2014 :-
TON NO TYPE TON NO TYPE
35 3 Mobile Crane 3 14 Fork lift
40 1 Mobile Crane 8 10 Fork lift
50 2 Mobile Crane 10 1 Fork lift
70 3 Mobile Crane 15 2 Fork lift
100 1 Mobile Crane 35 3 Fork lift
5 17 Quay Cranes 45 13 Trailers
6 9 Quay Crane 50 5 Tug Master
15 1 Quay Crane 75 1 Trucks
5 2 Area Cranes 35 3 Shunter
15 40 Trailers 35 1 Truck Tractor
20
6 Trailers 20 1 Mobile Crane

Thirdly, the port of Osman Digna. This port is located in the famous and historical city called Swakin distanced about 60 km from Port-Sudan. There are 9 berths, 784 meters long with a capacity of 3,000,000 tons per year. There are two halls passengers’ terminal; one the arrivals and the other one for the departures.  There is also an area adjacent to the arrivals hall about 1,004 for keeping and the passengers’ luggage and it under the control of shipping agents.

Berth no.   Length(m)    Depth(m)                                 Usage
1 156 9 Passengers +RO/RO+CG
2 130 9 Passengers +RO/RO+CG
3 106 9 Passengers +RO/RO+CG
4 60 8 Livestock + GC
5 100 12 Livestock + GC
6 104 8 Livestock + GC + Dry bulk
7 34 8 Livestock
8 34 8 Livestock
9 24 8 Passengers + RO/RO + GC

EQPT and machines: –

Type Number Tonnage
Fork lifts      7      8
Fork lifts      8      3
Shunters      3      0
Tug master      3      0
Trailers      10      0
Water tank      3       0
Generator      7       0
Mobile crane      2      25

Fourthly, the green harbor is located on the east side of Port-Sudan, main quays latitude is 19 0 36’ 36’’ north and longitude 370 14’ 30’’ east. It is established in a long term project consists of establishing extra special quays to serve different port handling operations. Objectively, the green harbor serves; dry bulk handling, containers and seeds which enables Port-Sudan to avail more areas for more port operations and increases the port capacity. It has a private marine entrance for accommodating ships. It contains 2 berths and they are extended to 548 meters and 180 meters with width of 14,2 meters. Approximately, the area of green harbor storage is 436,000 m2 and it can accommodate ships of 50,000 tons.

The last port is Al-Kheir which is dedicated to petroleum support for ships.

  •  General LayoutOfPort Area: 

Off- Shore Single Berth 

  • FOR Tankers 10000 to 50000 summer deadweighttonnes. 

  • The project commenced on July2001 ,  and completed on July 2003.

  • TERMINALOPERATION :SPC –Alkhair Petroleum Terminal. 

  • POSITION OF THE TERMINAL:

Latitude: 19˚ 35      ′ 06 ″N         Longitude: 37˚     14′ 48 ″E 

The Terminal is 1.5 mile ( 2.7 km.) southeast of the entrance of the existing main berth , Port Sudan. 

  • PILOT BOARDING STATION:        Port Sudan pilot station.

  •  WEATHER CONDITIONS:

    The weather of Sudan is very hot and dry .There are two monsoons in a year , one is the seasonwith   southwest monsoon occurred between July and august , and the other is the season with northeast monsoon occurred during November and February .the highest temperature is 52.0˚c and the lowest temperature is 10˚c.

    Relative humidity:  Max. = 97%_________Min. = 21%

    Wind speed:  Max. = 30 Knots

    Sea temperature:  Max. = 30.5° C ________Min. = 24.2° C 

TIDE:   Max. = 0.85 m. 

WAVE: The strongest wave comes from southeast , and the highest significant waves = 3.0 m . 

The secondary strongest wave comes from east and the highest significant waves= 2.4m . 

  • ANCHORAGE:

    No suitable anchorage – vessel to drift about 17 miles off port Sudan.

  • RESTRICTIONS:

    (a) TANKER AGE : Not more than 20 years .

    (b) SBT Tankers only – no dirty ballast may be discharged – no terminal facility for slops and / or dirty  ballast .

    (c) Notice Of Arrival : 48 hours before arrival, ships carrying hydrocarbons must notify the terminal manager office by E-mail damadama4@sudanports.gov.sd / Fax+249 311824892 as well as to the agent , before arriving at anchorage, of an Insurance Certificate or Financial Guarantee relating to civil liability for damages due to pollution by hydrocarbons .Their admission to the port is conditional to the production of such certificate 

 (d) Ships mooring day time only& sailing at any time (24hours). 

  • V.H .F. COMMUNICATIONS:

    (1) CALL FREGUENCY 156.700 MHz – channel 14 For port control and signal station .

    (2) PILOTAGE FREQUENCY 156.300 MHZ – CHANNAL 6.

    (3) TERMINAL OPERATION FREQUENCY 

 

– Channel  67:         156. 375 MHz
–  Channel  68:         156. 425 MHz 

 

  • DESIGN VESSEL CHARACTERISTICS:

(a)VESSEL OF 50,000T (DWT): 

LOA = 221 m        Beam = 32.2 m.       Molded depth = 18.3 m       laden draft = 13.3 m. 

( b) VESSEL OF 1000T (DWT): 

LOA = 135 m         Beam = 20 m          Molded Depth = 10.9 m      Laden draft = 8.4 m. 

(c) LPG VESSEL OF 5000T (DWT): 

LOA = 110 m          Beam = 15 m         Molded Depth = 9.0 m        Laden draft = 6.0 m. 

  •  MAIN DIMENSIONS OF BERTH:

– Length of berth = 310 m .
– Bottom level alongside =  -14.6 m.
– Width of entrance = 122 m .
– Length of basin = 322.61 m .
– Berth level = 3.0 m.
– Distance between center lines of two. Breasting
dolphins = 75 m.
– Size of water area in front of berth = 51023 m². 

 

  • THE ANNUAL OPERATION:

The annual capacity of terminal is 2.67 million tons. 

  • OPERATION PLATFORM:

    One unit with dimension of 35 m x 21 m and top elevation of 3.0 m

     BREASTING DOLPHIN:

    Two unit with dimension of 12 m x 10 m and top elevation of 3.0 m . 

  • MOORING DOLPHIN:

    Four unit with dimension of 6 m x 6 m and top elevation of 3.0 m .

  • OIL PIT:Capacity = 6.75 m³. With dimension of 1.5 X 1.5 X 3.0 m.

  • TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION FOR QUICK RELEASE HOOKS:

 

Type 

HKS2125 

HKS2100 

HKS2175 

Quantity of hooks 

Tow hooks 

Tow hooks 

Tow hooks 

Normal pull of single hook 

1250KN 

1000KN 

750KN 

Pull of electric captsan 

20KN 

20KN 

10KN 

Line speed of electric capstan 

30m/min 

30m/min 

20m/min 

Motor power 

11KW 

11KW 

5.5KW 

 

  • RUBBER FENDER

Four unit – type:   g1 1450 h (one cell and one slab). 

Front panels:    hinged at two side – rated reaction = 750 KN 

Max. Reaction:    850 kin. 

Rated energy:      470 (KN – m). 

Max. Energy:        530 (KN – m).
● NAVIGATIONAL AIDS SPECIFICATION :
(1) STARBOARD ENTRANCE BUOY (GREEN):
Position:  Lat.: 19°   35.065′ N     Long.: 37°    14.905′ E
Characteristic:  Q. FL green every 4 seconds .
Body: Polyethylene (Fiber glass ).
Focal high:  2.25m .
Power:  Solar .
(2) PORT ENTRANCE LIGHTHOUSE (RED):
Position:  Lat.: 19°   34.971′ N      Long.: 37°   14.942′ E
Characteristic:  Q. FL. Red every 4 sec.
Body: Fiber glass .
Power:  Solar .
Focal height:  10m . 

(3) STARBOARD NORTH EAST END BASIN BEACON ( WHITE ) :
Position: Lat.:   19º   35.200′ N     Long.:  37º    14.818′ E
Body: Concrete .
Focal height:   2.7 m .
Characteristic: 3Q.FL.White every 5 sec.
Power:  Solar . 

(4) PORT NORTH WEST END BASIN BEACON ( WHITE ):
Position:  Lat.:  19°   35.182′ N    Long.:37°   14.785′ E 

Body: Concrete .
Focal height:  2.7 m  

                                                                                                                                   

Characteristic: 3 Q.FL. White every 10 sec. 

Power:  Solar. 

  • Limiting Conditions forOperations (Electrical storms – WIND Restrictions):       

            Wind = 30 m/s → Stop cargo. 

            Wind = 35 m/s → Disconnect Loading Arm. 

           Wind = More than 40 m/s → Unberth. 

  • LOADING ARMS’ DATA:

LOADING ARM No. (1):
Nominal diameter:  8″/ 4″ ( NPS 8/4 Class 300 ANSI —- B 16.5 ).
Design Pressure:  25 Bar.
Maximum rate:  900 m³ / h.
Arm Maximum Total Height: 13.8m.   

Molded depth:  9.0m. 

Product:  LPG.
LOADING ARM No. (2): 

Nominal diameter:  8″ ( NPS 8 Class 150 ANSI —- B 16.5 ).
Design Pressure: 16 Bar.
Maximum rate:  900 m³ / h.
Arm Maximum Total Height:  13.8 m.  

Molded depth: 10.9 m.
Product: JET A -1 ( AVTUR ).
LOADING ARM  No (3):
Nominal diameter: 10″ ( NPS 10 Class 150 ANSI —- B 16.5 ). 

Design Pressure: 16 Bar.
Maximum rate: 1400 m³ / h.
Arm Maximum Total Height:  19.3 m.   

Molded depth:  18.3 m.
Product:  NAPHTHA. 

LOADING ARM No. (4):
Nominal diameter: 12″ ( NPS 12 Class 150 ANSI —- B 16.5 ).
Design Pressure: 16 Bar. 

Maximum rate: 2000 m³ / h.
Arm Maximum Total Height:  19.3 m.   

Molded depth:  18.3 m.
Product:  GAS OIL / MOGAS ( GASOLINE ).
LOADING ARM No. (5) :
Nominal diameter:  12″ ( NPS 12 Class 150 ANSI —- B 16.5 ).
Design Pressure:  16 Bar.
Maximum rate:   2000 m³ / h.
Arm Maximum Total Height:  19.3 m. 

Molded depth:  18.3 m.
Product:  FUEL OIL / CRUDE OIL. 

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